JAKE THOMAS asks ‘Could a little more education in Standard English be useful before it is taught?’

The Standard English debate is one of the great debates of the linguistic world. Whether it is the daily complaints received by newspapers concerning mistakes in the publication of this ‘sacred’ dialect, or the mud slinging style debates that highly skilled linguists have resorted to, they are all contributory factors in this volatile dispute. This is expected as ‘there seems to be considerable confusion in the English speaking world, even amongst linguists about what Standard English is’ (Bex and Watts 1999: 117). So, with this in mind, while its very definition is still somewhat disputed, should Standard English be taught? And if so, can Standard English really be taught with any great success? Or does the linguistic world need a little more education in Standard English before it can be?

Carter states that ‘There is little doubt that standard written English should be taught in schools’ (Bex and Watts 1999:163). With Standard English being the language of newspapers and other published works that you may read on a day to day basis, this seems a fair point. Peter Trudgill certainly agrees as he describes Standard English’s position in written education as ‘unassailable’ (Bex and Watts 199: 127). While linguists are mostly agreed upon Standard English’s place in written education, to what extent should its unassailable position be the case? There could be a suggestion that the emphasis on using the correct ‘dialect’ when constructing writing for younger age groups of the curriculum could have negative consequences. Could the importance focused around using the correct grammar for example, negatively impact on a child’s confidence and creativity when writing?

The debate surrounding spoken Standard English is rather more varied than its written counterpart however. Stubbs believes that ‘it is very much more doubtful whether children should be explicitly taught spoken SE’ (1986: 95) and this feeling is shared by Perera who believes that ‘any assessment of spoken English gives undue weight to Standard English (1993: 10). These views however are criticized by Honey where he explains that these views are efforts from linguists ‘to deny or reduce access to this especially valuable variety for British children’ (1997: 192). Is it right to deny children this valuable variety as Honey believes linguists are trying to do? Or would it be more beneficial for example for children to master their own dialects, rather than give ‘undue weight’ (Perera 1993: 10) to Standard English?

Where do I stand? Well the use of a single dialect in a written means of communication is clearly useful. It allows an understanding of literature to be understood much more quickly by users of all dialects. However with this heightened importance, it does beg the question: Could it diminish a child’s spoken dialectal individuality and identity? When even the most linguistically educated minds cannot even agree upon its correct meaning, how can children be expected to comprehend what is correct? I believe that only when a greater understanding of Standard English is reached should it be taught explicitly, then just maybe the linguists of the future may be able to agree on a thing or two.

JAKE THOMAS, English Language undergraduate, University of Chester, UK

 

References

Bex, T & Watts, R, J. (1999) Standard English: the widening debate. London: Routledge.

Honey, J. (1997) Language is Power.  London: Faber and Faber. 

Perera, K (1993) ‘Standard English in attainment target 1: Speaking and Listening’, Language Matters Centre for Primary Education, 3:10. In Bex, T & Watts, R, J. (1999) Standard English: the widening debate. London: Routledge.

Stubbs, M (1986) Educational Linguistics, Oxford: Blackwell.

 

.

 

Advertisements

One thought on “JAKE THOMAS asks ‘Could a little more education in Standard English be useful before it is taught?’

  1. Bethan Jones says:

    Whether or not there are questions about negative consequences of the teaching and the use of Standard English, I agree with Carter, (Bex and Watts 1999:163), I believe that the need for written Standard English is indisputable. Without being able to use Standard English adequately, children would be deprived massively of opportunities in the future. They are graded in their exams and coursework using comparisons to Standard English and would therefore be graded which would affect their future, they would not be seriously considered for jobs if up against someone using complete Standard English.

    The impact of a child’s creativity is debatable. I believe that a child would not be penalised for being creative with language if it was clear that this is what the child was doing. I do not believe, however, that if would affect the child’s ability to use their own dialect. Children have shown that they can be bilingual, so what then, is the difference between two language and two dialects?

    I agree with you when you say that there is a need for a greater understanding of Standard English before there is any chance of this debate being solved, but until then, I think Standard English is important for the well being and futures of children if they want to succeed in life.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s